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With their high resolve, they approached the ten powers, the four fearlessnesses, and the eighteen special qualities of the Buddha. VS

 

The Ten Powers of the Buddha

http://tbsn.org/english2/talk.php?id=91&classid=7&page=40&keyword=

http://www.wisdomlib.org/buddhism/book/the-treatise-on-the-great-virtue-of-wisdom-volume-iii/d/doc82365.html

The Buddha has ten powers (bala):

1) He knows, in accordance with reality, that which is possible (sthāna) and impossible (asthāna): this is the first power.

2) He knows the actions (karmasamādāna), past, future and present, of beings and he knows them according to place (sthānatas), cause (hetutas) and retribution (vipākatas): this is the second power.

3) He knows, in accordance with reality, the defilements (saṃkleśa), the purity (vyāvadāna) and the modalities (vyavasthāna) of the trances (dhyāna), liberations (vimokṣa), concentrations (samādhi) and absorptions (samāpatti): this is the third power.

4) He knows, in accordance with reality, the degree of the moral faculties (indriyaparāparatā) of other individuals: this is the fourth power.

5) He knows the diverse aspirations (nānādhimukti) of other beings: this is the fifth power.

6) He knows the world (loka) with its diverse and numerous acquired dispositions (dhātu): this is the sixth power.

7) He knows the route (pratipad) that leads to the different destinies (sarvatragagāmin): this is the seventh power.

8) He remembers his many previous abodes (pūrvanivāsa) with their aspects (ākāra) and their causes (nidāna), namely, one existence (jāti), two existences and so on up to a hundred thousand existences and many periods of [236a] creation (vivarta) and disappearance (saṃvarta) of the world: There, among those beings, I had such and such a family (gotra), such and such a name (nāman), such and such food (āhāra), such and such suffering (duḥkha), such and such happiness (sukha), such and such longevity (dīrghāyus). When I died in this place, I was reborn in that place and when I died there, I came to be born here where I have such and such a name, such and such a family, such and such food, such and such suffering, such and such happiness and such and such a longevity: this is the eighth power.

9) With the divine eye (divyacakṣus), purified, surpassing that of gods and men, the Buddha sees beings dying and being born and knows them to be handsome (suvarṇa) or ugly (durvarṇa), great or small, falling into a bad destiny (durgati) or falling into a good destiny (sugati) and, as a result of the actions they have committed (yathākarmapaga), suffering the appropriate retribution (vipāka). As a result, these beings, burdened with misdeeds of body (kāyaduścarita), burdened with misdeeds of speech (vāgduścarita), burdened with misdeeds of mind (manoduścarita), slandering the saints (āryāṇām apavādaka), having wrong views (mithyādṛṣṭi), acting badly because of these wrong views (mithyādṛṣṭikarmasamādāna), for this cause and this reason, at the dissolution of the body after death enter into a bad destiny (durgati) and are born in hell (niraya). On the other hand, these other beings endowed with good bodily actions, endowed with good actions of speech, endowed with good actions of mind, do not slander the saints, having right view, acting well from the fact of their right view, for this cause and this reason, at the dissolution of the body after death enter into a good destiny (sugati) and are reborn in heaven (svarga): this is the ninth power.

10) By the cessation of the impurities (āsravāṇāṃ kṣayāt), having realized, in the present existence (dṛṣṭa eva dharme) by his own knowledge (svayam abhijñāya), the pure liberation by wisdom (prajñāvimukti), the Buddha cognizes in accordance with reality: Birth is exhausted for me (kṣīṇā me jātiḥ), the religious life has been practiced (uṣitaṃ brahmacaryam), that which had to be done has been done (kṛtaṃ karaṇīya), I see no other existence for myself (nāparam asmād bhāvam iti): this is the tenth power.

 

The Four Fearlessnesses

http://thubtenchodron.org/2015/10/confidence-qualities/

  1. The first one is that no one can claim that he is not enlightened in regard to certain things. In other words, that he only has some kind of partial knowledge or awakening

The state of a Buddha, i.e. the state of having forever eliminated all disturbing attitudes, karmic imprints, and their stains from our mindstream, and having developed all our good qualities to their fullest. Enlightenment supersedes liberation. <h4 class=glossary_synonyms_title>Synonyms: </h4>

Buddhahood, enlightenment

“>enlightenment. So he’s confident in being able to say that he has overcome all the obscurations and is fully enlightened.

  • The second one is no one can criticize him saying that he hasn’t destroyed all the pollutants, all the defilements and afflictions
  • Non-virtuous mental states that overwhelm the mind and lead to non-virtuous physical and verbal actions, the root ones being sensuality, anger, views, doubt, conceit and ignorance (one of the three pollutants). (Pali: <i>kilesa</i>, Sanskrit: <i>kleśa</i>, Tibetan: <i>nyönmong</i>)<h4 class=glossary_synonyms_title>Synonyms: </h4>

    disturbing attitudes, disturbing emotions, negative emotions

    “>afflictions. So again, he feels confident in being able to say that because that’s been his experience.

  • Third, no one can criticize him saying that you don’t know correctly what the obscurations are, what needs to be eliminated on the path. Again, because he’s eliminated those, he knows what they are, and he knows the result of having eliminated them, and he’s confident in that respect.
  • The last is that no one can criticize him saying that the Dharma
  • In the most general sense, Dharma refers to the teachings of the Buddha. Most specifically, it refers to the realizations of the path and the resultant cessations of suffering and its causes. (Pali: <em>Dhamma</em>)”>Dharma that he teaches doesn’t lead to the destruction of dukkha

    The unsatisfactory nature of the five appropriated aggregates, which are under the control of afflictions and karma. (Pali: <i>dukkha</i>, Sanskrit: <i>duḥkha</i>)<h4 class=glossary_synonyms_title>Synonyms: </h4>

    suffering, unsatisfactoriness, unsatisfactory conditions

    “>dukkha, to the elimination of samsara. Again, because he’s accomplished that liberation

    The state of having removed all disturbing attitudes and karma causing us to take rebirth in cyclic existence, together with their imprints. (Sanskrit: <em>moksha</em>)”>liberation and overcome samsara, he has the confidence to say that.

    18 special qualities of the Buddha

    https://suttacentral.net/en/arv25

    1. The Realised One does not stumble,
    2. she does not cry out,
    3. she does not lose mindfulness,
    4. she does not have uncollectedness of mind,
    5. she does not have perceptions of variety (of feelings),
    6. she does not have equanimity due to lack of consideration,
    7. she does not have a loss of desire,
    8. she does not have a loss of energy,
    9. she does not have a loss of mindfulness,
    10. she does not have a loss of concentration,
    11. she does not have a loss of wisdom,
    12. she does not have a loss of freedom,
    13. she has independent, unobstructed knowledge and insight into the past time,
    14. she has independent, unobstructed knowledge and insight into the future time,
    15. she has independent, unobstructed knowledge and insight into the present time,
    16. all her bodily deeds are preceded by knowledge, in accordance with knowledge,
    17. all her verbal deeds, are preceded by knowledge, in accordance with knowledge,
    18. all her mental deeds, are preceded by knowledge, in accordance with knowledge.

    These are the eighteen special qualities of the Buddha.

     

     

     

     

     

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